When I began to eat a macrobiotic diet in the 1960s, the conventional wisdom was that grains were very healthy; and I'm still in the habit of using a lot of whole grains but trying to wean myself off them. As for collective farming, Lenin and the Bolsheviks of his time were for VOLUNTARY collectivization of farming on the Swedish model: the transitional and temporary state power of the "rebels" (Marx's term) would assist small farmers in pooling resources by providing capital to peasant communes until two factors were satisfied - 1. the worldwide spread of the revolution and 2. the national infrastructure had reached a level sufficiently great to lay the basis for a voluntary society with wealth and opportunity for all. Unfortunately, the spread of the world revolution faltered in Germany, France, Britain, and other powerful nations, whose capitalist élites in turn imposed a blockade on Russia and sent armies to assist the counterrevolution. The five-year civil war assisted by from 18 to 22 foreign powers caused the starvation of most of the millions that is commonly blamed on the Soviet government. Stalin and the bureaucracy (still styling themselves "Bolsheviks") replaced the democratic and representative soviets (regional workers' and peasants' councils) with organs of central control, sold out and in some instances HELPED CRUSH the world revolution, and, when it became obvious that mass starvation was again approaching the level it was in the civil war, he and his henchmen began a program of FORCED collectivization, in typical bureaucratic, bungling fashion. The economy of the USSR in the hands of Stalin and his heirs displayed aspects of state capitalism, in which the state apparatus replaces the bourgeois power of private capitalists as the arbiter of capital distribution. Had Stalinism obliterated completely all revolutionary gains of the USSR under Lenin's party, it would be correct to pronounce the USSR "state capitalist". State capitalism is similar to fascism, but under fascism the state apparatus functions as only an interim stand-in for the parliamentary executive of the private capitalists (the most powerful of whom still sit on state boards to control the process) until the threat of workers' revolution is crushed. In 1943, when the German military was facing defeat, the Reich's board of industry voted to increase the price of mortar shells: evidence that the state power was still under the thumb of the capitalist ruling class. With the use of current information technology and advanced methods of distribution, communal farming supporting independent small farmers with low-interest government-guaranteed loans would stem the problem of soil depletion and destruction of the food supply now posed by private corporate agribusiness. In conjunction with an intensive program to provide capital for building rational transportation infrastructure; small farming, if properly nurtured, could attract the squalid urban populations back onto the land. Agenda 21 shows that this is the last thing the corporate ruling class wants.
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